REV. JOHN JASPER, Annotated.
Eastman of the London Missionary Society. Eastman acknowledges inclusion of vocabularies collected by his predecessors Rev. John Joseph Knight Hutchin and Rev. Trotter, and the Rev. Platts to have the Dictionary typescript published. However, in , Platts was removed from office, and the Dictionary was never published. This original dictionary was lost in a house fire. Put together the gruesome tales of Edgar Allan Poe and the fiendishly complex detective plots of Wilkie Collins, add a dash of darkly absurd humour, and you have Charles Dickens.
And nowhere is the mystery novel more evident than in The Mystery of Edwin Drood. It has teased scholars and the public alike ever since. Some think they have solved the mystery, but only half of the novel was ever written, and Dickens kept his cards very close to his chest. Nor do we know what precisely the mystery is: an unsolved disappearance or a murder story? We have plenty of clues, not only in the text itself, but by comments he made to those close to him. He told his mentor, John Forster, early on that he had an idea for a novel in which a nephew would be murdered by his uncle.
It is necessary, for Jasper strangles Edwin Drood with it. Dickens even offered to divulge his plans for the story to one of his greatest fans, Queen Victoria, at the start of the serialisation, but she refused, as she wished to read each thrilling installment as it was published. But was it all after all a double bluff? Dickens gave hints to other members of his family and friends which were not always consistent with this. And everyone was naturally convinced that they were privy to his closest, most reliable thoughts. Perhaps he was, after all, apprehensive about completing the novel.
He was increasingly ill and weak, finding it increasingly difficult to conceal his double life with Nelly Ternan, and refusing to cut back on any of his physically exhausting public readings. He was slowly killing himself. Perhaps he would have had second thoughts, and monarch or no, artfully dodged out of revealing the answer. Dickens often gleefully inserted red herrings, and altered many elements and characters, twisting the direction a story was to take mid-stream. He might not have known them himself. Charles Dickens excelled at depicting the sordid underbelly of society, and this novel is no exception.
As he had countless times before, Dickens based this character on a person in real life, one whom he knew, having visited an opium den with friends in May of the previous year. Lascar Sal was said to have looked like an 80 year old woman, although she was only They tended to be mostly used and run by the Chinese, because the suppliers of opium were Chinese, although they would prepare it for visiting non-Chinese smokers too. The descriptions in The Mystery of Edwin Drood are authentic, describing the long special opium pipes and oil lamps which were necessary to smoke the drug.
Patrons reclined so that they could better release and inhale the vapour. The mysterious, foggy atmosphere which permeates the novel is thus induced in the very first chapter. John Jasper, pillar of the community, choirmaster of Cloisterham Cathedral, and uncle and guardian of the title character, Edwin Drood, is here, secretly smoking opium. But Jasper is world-weary, addicted to opium to dispel his ennui and boredom with his life, and lives at least part of the time in a confused drug-induced state.
What we are never sure about, is how befuddled John Jasper really is. His own ends are often disreputable and sinister. We also observe a possible cause of this straight away. On to the scene comes a very pretty young girl, much given to tossing her head, arching her eyebrows, pouting her lips or hooking a finger in the corner of her rosebud mouth.
Her name? Their betrothal had been arranged by their fathers, almost as soon as they were born. These two are constantly at odds, sparring, but not flirtatiously. It seems as if their lifelong understanding has led to a withering of any truly romantic relationship which could have developed. Neither seem very likeable to a modern reader.
Cloisterham, where the novel is set, is easily recognisable as Rochester, a city which Dickens knew very well. Nevertheless, he had known the area since he was a child, and eventually bought a big house he had admired ever since, Gads Hill Place, in nearby Higham. In its grounds is the Swiss chalet in which Dickens penned several of his novels. She is ably assisted by her companion Mrs. Tisher, and these two afford many delightful comic episodes.
The verbal duel between these two is so quintessentially Dickens, conjuring up the confrontation between Miss Pross and Madame De Farge, Aunt Betsey and the Murdstone duo, and a host of others. Dickens found it impossible to resist including caricatures and buffoons, even in this novel. So we also have Thomas Sapsea, a comically conceited auctioneer, whose arrogance is exacerbated by his appointment to be the Mayor of Cloisterham. He is well matched by the Dean, the most senior clergyman at Cloisterham Cathedral, whose sense of self-importance is so convincing, that others feel obliged to behave with a fitting deference to him.
Of course, this boosts his ego, so in return he behaves in a condescending manner.
We have Durdles, a stonemason. He knows more than anyone else about the Cloisterham Cathedral cemetery including the history of all the tombs, and where they all are. Durdles is an irresistibly entertaining character, who knows far more than he lets on. But we are often led away from thinking too much about him, by his eccentricities. The job is an unusual one. Another buffoon is Luke Honeythunder, a bullying London philanthropist with a thunderously loud voice.
And here we come to another intriguing aspect of the novel. It is not clear what the relationship is, but we learn that in their childhood these two were mistreated and deprived, so much that view spoiler [Helena actually disguised herself as a boy and ran away hide spoiler ]. Neville is clever, but very proud, and gets into a good deal of trouble because of what might termed the chip on his shoulder. We also get an insight into the various attitudes of the time, regarding immigrants of another colour to the respectable society of a small cathedral city in the 19th century.
Dickens observes this with a keen eye. He has offered us many candidates for guilty secrets, possibly leading to crimes such as abduction or even murder. With such erratic, and sometimes untrustworthy set of characters, are there any to whom we look for a balanced outlook?
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Certainly, although none of these are actually above suspicion. He seems an upright, decent sort of fellow, who lives with his sprightly widowed mother. Eccentric and ponderously correct at first, this London lawyer appears to have a good heart. And yet … there is the beginning of a back story coming out here. Although we only have half a novel, Dickens is still introducing new characters in each chapter.
Tartar, a retired naval officer, who resigned his commission in his late twenties when an uncle left him some property. Are either of these perhaps not what they seem? Why have they moved to Cloisterham at this point, when a murder may or may not have been committed? Are they acting for the police in some capacity, or do they have roguish connections? Clearly this novel raises far more questions than it answers. It is beguiling, and important to not to read it too quickly.
Whatever our normal reading speed, we are used to the framework of a novel which finishes rather than stopping abruptly, and pace our reading accordingly. This seems like a short read, but in fact it is very complex. There is a panoply of different threads and ideas to follow, and many books have been written, either with possible endings, or discussing ideas it is impossible to go into here. It would be easy to miss these, but surely they are significant. I do not believe, in my heart, that John Jasper is guilty of murdering his nephew, whether as a cunning plan, or in a drug-induced nightmarish state.
He gives us satisfying endings, and usually we see what happens to even the more minor characters, but only when we have been rooting for an unfortunate character to make good, or two unlikely lovebirds to come together, do we hope for a particular ending. The mystery parts of his novels are never predictable, and usually come as a surprise. Yes, Dickens was writing in an entirely new genre, concerned with how police detectives would solve a possible crime, but it is a step too far to envisage his leap into psychological crime novels, where the perpetrator is known from the start, and the interest lies in how they have become the disturbed personality they now are.
Those sort of books are a very recent development. And was Dickens writing one of his own sons in the character of the feckless charmer, Edwin Drood, forever planning to do great things, but spending money on worthless pursuits? Even more audaciously, was he writing himself in the book as John Jasper? Why was my father ever a father! Does this sound a little like Edwin? Another, Sydney, had been banished from the Gads Hill Estate by his father, for his accumulated debts and financial problems.
How was the book to end? Dickens died in the early summer of , having published six installments with 6 more yet to come. He noted the main developments of the plot as he wrote them, presumably for continuity purposes, and sometimes these brief notes are included in editions today. However, the final six chapter of these notes are just headings, with the contents remaining blank. It clearly was a fluid, changeable project, with no overall written plan.
John J. Jasper (1812-1901)
Perhaps he was leaving it open here too. We have a myriad of clues, but will never actually know. Critics down the ages remain fascinated with the book, and disagree with this unfair assertion. There are at least 36 separate completions and sequels so far. Speculations about the mystery will no doubt continue for many years to come.
View all 23 comments. My head hurts. Happily, though. Possibly Jabbered Thus, at some odd times, in or about seventeen-forty-seven. Case or The Truth About the Mystery of Edwin Drood by Fruttero and Lucentini, therefore I thought it was the perfect occasion for me to read Dickens's last and unfinished work in its original language as well. It's unfinished, yes; but is it my fault if this man possesses this uncanny ability to make me fall in love with even half a story and half a crime?
Mr Jasper and Mr Grewgious are two unforgettable characters, each of them for his own reasons. The latter, especially, is one of those characters you can't help but being grateful to have met. And Jasper, well, he has so many faces that years have passed by, and we still haven't got the hang of him; besides, he is vicious and eerie all you want, but he does know his way with words.
Up to a point; someone should tell him that when you declare yourself you usually stop before the threats. You totally know what I mean. View all 4 comments. An incomplete Dickens novel is like a half-finished jigsaw. How do you rate a half-finished jigsaw? This fragment, being Dickens, actually comprises about 1. In this instance, it may be wiser to skip the book and head straight for the recent BBC adaptation much as it pains me to recommend TV over text.
Still: not without its usual char An incomplete Dickens novel is like a half-finished jigsaw. Still: not without its usual charms and flourishes, howevs. Now I have reached the end of my serialised Dickens quest, let me now pointlessly rate the works from favourite to not: 1— Little Dorrit. Sumptuous, heartbreaking. Melancholy, dark, haunting and murderous. The reason first-person narratives are no longer required.
Extremely funny, rollicking picaresque-esque number. Exceptionally moving and bloodthirsty historical novel. Captivating child protagonist, fabulously vicious twists. Dickens does straight comedy to much merriment. Scariest villain and cutest child fatality. Complex, powerful and yes, a wee bit overlong in places! His second best comedy, starring the brilliant Pecksniff.
Extremely tense, extremely meandering. But good. Satire and history together in a messy, bloody epic, with parrots. Beautiful childhood reflections, less successful in adulthood. Sublime character Gradgrind in choppy, hectoring effort. View all 38 comments. Is that humanly possible? Thanks to the initiative and ingenuity of Japanese industry, all or nearly all the world's best-known investigators are here assembled-masters of intuition and deduction, experts in strange coincidences and suspicious omissions, supreme solvers of riddles!
All the most renowned literary detectives of all times are reunited in Rome by the Japanese sponsor of a "programme of integrative restorations" to plan the completion of six famous unfinished artistic works, such as Schubert's Symphony n. Pym and the object of our present concern, Charles Dickens's last novel, The Mystery of Edwin Drood , cut short by the death of the English author. And it turns out there's a lot of Shakespeare as well. And of Wilkie Collins too. You see why, when my professor happened to inform the class of the existence of this book, I thought I'd died and gone to heaven.
This is truly the novel I never knew I needed.
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And I am so grateful for its existence, I can't even begin to explain myself. Not only is this book a careful analysis of the MED more on this later for investigative purposes, it also provides a number of curious and delicious literary facts regarding the author, the MED, its intertextual network and the circumstances of its composition , and it masterfully intertwines them to breathe life into an exquisite, inspired work of metafiction. The D Case , in short, is a hidden pearl for fanatics like me. And speaking of fanatics The papers this morning describe them as Byronic integralists and fanatical Mitteleuropeans, all demonstrating with loudspeakers, banners, leaflets, and even bonfires, against the exclusion of their favourite works from the convention.
I had read other unfinished works before this one, but none had ever made on me such an impression as Edwin Drood did.
And I think it is precisely its uncompleted-ness that renders it as magical as it is, as eerie as it is, as spellbinding as it is. Reader, she melted. I think I would have enjoyed The D Case even better if I had read Wilkie Collins's works before it, so I also recommend a previous knowledge of this author and gladly vow to read him soon myself.
But even if you have read none of these authors and know none of these detectives' stories You may very likely chance upon your next bookish obsession. More like 3. Fascinating stuff. I saw it in its most recent Broadway revival and quite enjoyed it. Edwin is engaged to his childhood sweetheart, Rosa Bud, who, like him, is an orphan. Besides being an opium addict and some of the early scenes set in opium dens positively ooze with atmosphere , the haunted, lecherous and terribly unhappy Jasper is also the choirmaster at Cloisterham Cathedral.
Two twins from Ceylon, Neville and Helena Landless, also arrive in town. Helena befriends Rosa, and her brother Neville is smitten with her. Neville and Edwin get into a fight that was too subtle for me to really comprehend. Soon, during a requisite dark and stormy night, Edwin disappears. Was he murdered? If so, who did it? Neville, having fought him, is under suspicion, and Jasper seems happy to point the finger at him.
A couple of characters mysteriously do indeed show up midway through the book. Dickens plants lots of details that would likely have popped up later in the unraveling of the mystery: a ring, a walking stick, a black scarf… But a lot of the writing feels laboured, particularly involving minor characters. I've been meaning to anyway. View all 9 comments. Meanwhile, arriving at Cloisterham, the Landless twins, Neville and Helena of exotic advantage, cause a disruption to the quiet and monotonous lives of those in this Cathedral City.
Charles Dickens died before he could finish this novel.
OGA: Office of the General Assembly
He wrote twenty-three chapters, each one carefully planned and written before giving it to be publi In cloisteresque Cloisterham, John 'Jack' Jasper lives with his ward and nephew, Mister Edwin Drood, and teaches music to Drood's own betrothed-the beguiling Rosa. He wrote twenty-three chapters, each one carefully planned and written before giving it to be published in serial format, as were all his others.
The Mystery of Edwin Drood is indeed probably the greatest mystery of all, and we as readers and fans of Dickens must accept the fact. It's a hard fact to accept, however. I cannot fully understand this feeling within me; not one I've felt after finishing in-as-much as one can finish this book any book, or at leastvery few books. There is the obvious adoration for such a talented and captivating writer; there is the subdued anger that often Dickens can write so magnificently about nothing; there is the dismay at the knowledge that I knew it was unfinished when I went in; and of course there is the embarrassment of feeling let down despite of that fact.
What more can I say? It is Dickens. Do not start with this if you are new to him: but do not end with it, either. It may have been his last, but do not let it be yours. I knew at the outset that Dickens died before he had the chance to finish this novel, but I didn't realize how incredibly frustrated I was going to be because of it! It seems that he was just getting somewhere, and that there was going to be some climactic action coming up shortly, and then poof.
No more book. But on the other hand, it was so good getting to that point, and as noted, I am aware that The Mystery of Edwin Drood was unfinished, so I can't say that I was all that frustrated, really. It's the getting to the end or the leave-off point that mattered, and it was a great ride. Movies have been made; I believe there was a stage production or two as well, and there are as I saw written somewhere entire websites and pundits devoted to solving the mystery and playing "what-if" in an effort to provide an ending.
Chesterton provides several theories about what may have followed if Dickens had been alive to finish his work. One more thing: I read this on the heels of Dan Simmons' most excellent novel "Drood," and it puts a lot into perspective. I would definitely recommend it -- if you MUST have an ending, then don't read it, but as I said above Most excellent. View all 8 comments. Mar 27, James rated it really liked it. What a great book - and what a great shame for us and him!
Despite all the suggested answers to 'the mystery' and all the desperate attempts to 'complete' this novel - we will never know A similar attempt was also made thereafter in America I believe? All very entertaining - but ultimately futile. Definitely worth a read. View all 5 comments. Jul 21, Annelies rated it it was amazing Shelves: classics , non-contemporary-uk. Another lovely Dickens, though unfinished. His style is grandiose. A Brooks electrometer for shewing ye charge of a battery in grain weights, a double instrument.
Prince died before it arrived and Prof. Joseph Lovering convinced Harvard to buy it; College Papers, 2nd series, 8: — The pump with the above articles are all contained in one box to keep them from air and dampness. The enlightening lens is cracked but it does not in the least injure the effect. These items were offered by Prince in a letter to Prof. James Dean, June 30, , and the Vermont Corporation purchased many of these articles in Both these records are now missing from the college archives, but are quoted in J.
Williamstown, Mass. I could not find record of this at Bowdoin. These items were sent to Bowdoin, but Prince wanted the college to return the pump to him when it was finished with its lectures, so that he could repair the pump further, make additions to it, and add apparatus. The college also authorized Prince to take some articles in the college apparatus in exchange for more useful and necessary ones. King, Professor of Physics Emeritus, Dartmouth. A fair number of the instruments which John Prince built, repaired, or sold can still be seen in various collections of historical scientific instruments.
Below is a list of instruments which have been attributed to Prince, but there are probably many more surviving instruments that should be attributed to him. It is with the help of invoices, such as those listed in Appendix II, that anonymous apparatus can soon be properly assigned to its original maker. References made in the text here are to dated materials there. Other references to printed material easily available will also be made in the text of this article.
Bailyn believes that educational historians in the early years of this century sought to find in the colonial period the roots of nineteenth-century educational institutions and thus concentrated too much on colonial formal education, failing to grasp the significance of other agencies like the family and the church that probably played a far more important part in the education of children than did schools and colleges themselves.
Greven, Jr. That there were such perceptible differences in the religious experiences of members of the same families, some of whom stayed and others of whom left, does suggest that their familial experiences might have been of critical importance in shaping their religious needs and responses. Education had been dislodged from its ancient position in the social order, wrenched loose from the automatic, instinctive workings of society, and cast as a matter for deliberation into the forefront of consciousness.
Its functionings had become problematic and controversial. Phillips, Phillips Genealogies Auburn, Mass. The author errs in giving the date of Samuel Phillips, Jr. But then I have a plenty of harmless Country Lasses, fat as Butter and make a Body sweat all Night as tho they were hard at work. Boston, , 14— Boston, , 79— Little is known of the second Samuel Phillips, the Salem goldsmith. See Phillips, Phillips Genealogies , 13— Witness my Hand Sam: Phillips.
This 23d of Sept: Andover, , 41— In this document in the Phillips Papers, dated 27 September , the Parson urges the newlyweds to be thankful for their blessings, to examine themselves regularly, to make family prayers a part of their daily life, to behave properly toward their fellowmen, to conduct business honestly and without favoritism, to contemplate mortality, and to use their time well and practice thrift. The section on the proper conduct of business has been printed in Bailey, Historical Sketches , In a manuscript book entitled Genealogy of the Phillips Family , prepared in by William Gray Brooks, there can be found — annotations that the Parson wrote in his almanacs for the years — recording family and parish matters, natural phenomena like earthquakes, and political events like the siege of Louisbourg.
The original of this manuscript book is the possession of C. Lloyd Thomas, present owner of the old Phillips mansion in North Andover, who has generously allowed me to make a copy for the Phillips Academy Archives. Apparently it was planned to print the record of the centennial, and the editors got as far as page proof. There exists now only a single copy of the page proof in the Phillips Academy Archives.
The Parker case is on Brooks also prints a letter, dated 29 August , from the Squire to his son, now in the Phillips Papers, in which the father urges Sam to behave with circumspection, now that he has won a higher rank. See Theodore R. The Phillipses must have known Wigglesworth during his tour of duty at Andover and may well have thought it strange that a small-town schoolteacher should be the divinity professor at Harvard.
Stephen Peabody mentions the Wigglesworth trouble in his diary entry for 2 March This diary is at the Massachusetts Historical Society. For a more extended account of the disorders of , see also Sheldon S.
His journal contains less of religious experience. Unborn generations will either bless us for our activity and magnanimity, or curse us for our sloth and pusillanimity. The original of this letter is no longer in the Phillips Papers. I believe that this letter was probably written sometime during New York, , 40— Other references to him will be discussed later. Thomas M. The atlas is no. While useful in drawing attention to the map, the notice—which may be due as much to F.
Black, The Blathwayt Atlas. Volume II: Commentary Providence, , 85 n. Tiberius D. He was the father of the last holder of the baronetcy, Sir George Yonge, Bt. Colonial America and West Indies —, , ; ibid. It is fair to note that Stokes later described himself as knowing relatively little about the maps he discusses, and that he gives much of the credit for his cartographic sections to Dr. Wieder of Amsterdam, some also going to Henry Stevens for descriptions of the plates.
Hulbert ed. Tooley London, , Schulz, Norma B. Serie B, no. At the Bank-side beyond the Bear-Garden. London, Printed by B. Both works are in the John Carter Brown Library. From the Original Journal of the said Voyage. London, William Crooke, , Colonial America and West Indies , —, — Most works on the subject give the date of the original wreck as or , but Spanish sources are quite clear that the wreck of the treasure-carrying ship on the Abrojos was in November , as documents in the Archivo General de Indias and the British Library amply confirm: cf.
Oxford, , especially xxiv n. March , 76—87 and plates. Skelton, History of Cartography Cambridge, Mass. London, , ff. Edmund F. Slafter, History and Causes of the Incorrect Latitudes as recorded in the journals of the early writers, navigators and explorers relating to the Atlantic coast of North America, — Boston, , especially 6. It might be hoped that by the middle of the seventeenth century the principal towns of New England should have been located with the accuracy achievable on land by such an instrument as the four-foot quadrant used by William Baffin as early as to determine the measurements of places in Arctic waters to within a few minutes of arc Waters, , London, Thomas Jefferys, , and several later editions.
Thomas Prince New York, Boston, — , I. Douglas E. Morgan ed. The map is a copy printed on paper and colored some time between and , which is no. Collections, XIII. Cumming, R. Skelton and D. Edgartown, , and id. It is possible that the West to which the name was intended to refer was the Captain Francis West, who was commissioned Admiral of New England and who in attempted to collect fees from fishermen on the coast for the Council of New England Adams, ; Philip L.
Emerson D. Thomas James Holmes, Cotton Mather: a bibliography of his works 3 vols. British Settlements in North America 2 vols. Professor Cumming rightly points out—even without offering the reflection that follows—that there is no evidence at all that Mather was personally responsible for the map: British Maps of Colonial America Chicago, , 33— And one of the marked aspects of this growth lay in his development as a natural philosopher.
Cumming, 31— The 4-sheet map, in the complete form originally issued by John Thornton, Robert Morden and Philip Lea under the title A New Map of the English Empire in the Continent of America was first advertised in Easter term, , and incorporated a textual Description missing from the only copy of the whole map known: see the full listing as no. Cumming and Hugh F. Rankin eds. Proceedings, LXII — , — Shurtleff ed. Humming, S. Hillier, D. Quinn and G.
The three most important contributions in the bibliography are: Randolph G. All these studies of the first map printed in America are bibliographical: it still needs to be studied as a piece of cartography. Joseph Moxon — , printer, print- and map-seller and Fellow of the Royal Society, is celebrated for his Mechanick Exercises on the Whole Art of Printing of and for a whole corpus of publishing on technological subjects: he was making globes in London—the two being, of course, the conventional celestial and terrestrial pair—from onwards, at first in imitation of Johannes Blaeu.
With the Death of Antononies [i. On the map, see Phelps Stokes, II. A true, lively and experimentall description of that part of America, commonly called New England: discovering the state of that Countrie, both as it stands to our new-come English Planters; and to the old Native Inhabitants London, by Thomas Cotes for John Bellamie, , with a glossary of Massachusetts Indian words as an appendix; later editions appeared in London in and and in Boston edited by Nathaniel Rogers in and the latter published by the Prince Society. Colonial, — 28 June , Moody ed.
Massachusetts Historical Society. Collections, LXXX. Boston, , 8—11, In the first English edition of the great Mercator-Hondius atlas was published in the translation of Wye Saltonstall, son of Sir Samuel Saltonstall, and therefore first cousin to the younger Richard Saltonstall.
Fourth Series, VI. The testimony of Richard Callicott, about 67 years old, their former assistant, is printed by Ayres — , from Massachusetts Archives, vol. The original diary is in the Yale University Library; its text was edited by R. Winthrop and others, and published in Massachusetts Historical Society. Second Series, VII. It is now considered by geographers that the Merrimac begins only at Franklin, New Hampshire, where it is formed by the junction of the Pemigewasset and the Winnipesaukee rivers, the latter flowing out of the lake of that name.
Colonial America and West Indies , —, nos. Colonial America and West Indies , —, 20 September , no. C, Transactions and Collections, in. Colonial America and West Indies , —, Toppan ed. Weimar, ; Phelps Stokes, II. Rostenberg, James Usher. London, , Commission, — London, — , 3 vols. London, Philemon Holland London, , [v]-[vi]. Eventually Camden accumulated his own library of books and manuscripts for his research and for use by other scholars. Essays and Studies, new ser.
London, — , II. Quesnel, 2 vols. Paris, ; Nicolaas Heinsius, Bibliotheca Heinsiana, 2 vols.
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Rome, Jack A. James Ussher Dublin, — , XV. Wright, eds. VI-4, both which MSS. Arthur Agarde, one of the then chamberlaines of the exchequer. January—June , ; Randolph G. London, , 52; the catalogue appeared in Thomas Powell, Repertorie of Records London, , reprinted in Collected by Sir Robert Cotton. London, , [iv]. Twenty-one were graduates of Oxford, sixteen of Cambridge. In Thomas Hearne, ed. James Orchard Halliwell, 2 vols. London, , II. Corser, xlix—l. The author of the pamphlet was Robert Dudley, who had written it for James I ibid. Corser, lxxvi, lxxx. Johnson, eds.
Houbraken and Mr. London, , — Birch, Life of Henry, Prince of Wales. London, , —; Ellis, ed. The books, in Latin for the most part, were arranged in eight broad classes or fields of knowledge. Written by himself. Oxford, , 14, Wheeler, ed. Macray, Annals of the Bodleian Library, A. London, , 15— Wheeler, — Wheeler, xiii—xv, 4, n.
Wheeler, xiii, xx—xxi, 8. Kent, eds. Wheeler, 17—21, 51— It was actually a shelflist, with an index of authors, rather than a catalogue. Trevor-Roper, ed. On the scholarly work of Twyne, another perennial Oxonian, see ibid. The British Museum received the same privilege in James also compiled a Bibliotheca Rabinnica in which was transcribed in several copies but never printed.
Wheeler, Earliest Catalogues, ch. This catalogue reflects one of the basic principles of Bodley and James, viz. Within the first decade an extension, known as Arts End, was under construction, but Bodley died 28 January , probably before it was completed. Bodleian Library and Its Friends: Catalogue, Clifford K. Shipton to author, 15 August ; Schlesinger, Samuel E.
Boston, , XIV. Starting in entering freshmen were generally placed in the class lists in alphabetical order. Morgan, The Stamp Act Crisis 2d ed. Warden, Boston, — Boston, , —, —, , —, — Note the Commencement of was canceled because of the Coercive Acts and the British military occupation at Boston. The next public commencement was held in Morison, Lane, ed. Diaries of Moses Hale A. III, Mayo, ed. Bay, III. Coburn in DAB s. Varnum, James Mitchell; William S.
Jacob Bailey, A. Missionary at Pownalborough Maine. On 14 March Chandler noted a class meeting which supported a lower class against threats made by Tutor Stephen Hall. Butterfield, Wendell D. Garrett, Marjorie E. Sprague, eds. For references to arbitrary Turks see for example, Bernard Bailyn, ed. Katz, ed.
Mercury, no. However, the article contains most of the genre characteristics listed below, and especially the thematic elements common to the imprints. B——— F———, Esq. But it is possible that the initials are a ruse and in keeping with the pseudonymous and anonymous nature of the genre. Both are spurious, of course, and Addison, who labels his the first vision of Mirzah, never follows it up with another.
Franklin did author a spurious vision, untitled, in his New-England Courant, no.
It was a dream-veiled satirical allegory on Harvard College. There are many reasons why there cannot be a Samuel Clarke: his name fails to appear in Clark e family genealogies or in Gloucester records. In A Short Relation, he says he is forty-eight, and has been bedridden for thirty years. The first edition was in It would be interesting to know from what source Evans was assigning dates.
While Samuel Clark e s do show up in some records, none of them have the life-spans or geographical location that would make them likely prospects for suspicion. Just as Publicola, Americanus and other such pseudonyms were often used by many authors, we can suspect that Samuel Clarke, both first and last name being very common in New England, was not only a pseudonym, but one used, perhaps, by several authors.
A likely prospect for at least one of the works attributed to Clarke would be the Reverend Samuel Williams, —, who from to was a minister in Bradford now Haverhill , Massachusetts. He knew E. Williams often gave sermons in Salem, and Evans lists two discourses , given at Salem, with political overtones. Perhaps Clarke and S. The Samuel Clarke of the Short Relation, as mentioned above, was most likely a minister.
But all of this is conjecture and barely scratches the surface. Russell must be discounted because of the shift in style from his Publicola foreword in A Short Relation to any of the texts attributed to Clarke. An earthquake occurred in New England on 2 February , accompanied by a meteor. It was clearly sensed on 14 June in Essex County. Vsekhsvyatskii, Characteristics of Comets, Seventeen sixty-nine Messier comet, with long tail, reported widely in Europe. Visible August through December. Clarke reports seeing it in September.
Earthquake in Cambridge in and in In , there was a tremor felt throughout New England, as well as the previously mentioned one of , accompanied by a meteor. The document was printed as a pamphlet of eleven pages by Edmund Anthony, Printer, of Taunton, Massachusetts A strong supporter of scientific teaching and a vigorous disciplinarian. His son Samuel was A. Anglorum, Boston, , hereinafter cited as Cat.
A standard work at Harvard, this was a translation of his Histoire ancienne, 12 vols. John Lowell, A. Edinburgh and Yale, ; one of the founders of the University of Vermont. Later Professor of Languages at Bowdoin College. Yale ; father of Samuel Chandler Crafts.
The Faculty Records show students disciplined for disorders in his classes. Faculty Records, v. See Introduction. Shipton, was the privy. Allen could be either Ephraim or Thomas, both of the Class of The Butler was generally a resident Bachelor or Master of Arts. Charles Jackson, A. London, , and there is a set, Boston, n.
He died of a violent fever in the spring of , as did his father. See note 3, page An edition of is listed in Cat. Yorick L. Sterne , 7 vols. The works of this famous divine, who sought to unite all Nonconformist churches, were widely read in New England. In Cat. The English ed.
Soon to be Vice-President of the United States. See note 4, page Clarke is probably referring also to John Pierce, A. Erasmus Babbit, —, a physician of Sturbridge. A practising physician and president of the Massachusetts Medical Society. This was a standard Harvard text.
For Sheridan see note 2, page For Waterhouse see note 1, page This was a standard work at Harvard. Clarke gives this as taking place in May. The work was savagely attacked in The Literary Magazine by Dr. Johnson, who claimed that Jenyns was not qualified to deal with so profound a subject. Edinburgh, ; Dudleian Lecturer, Leibnitz, and Dr.
Morison, p. Thompson, A. Baker, London, , are in Cat. Dublin, His Complete Works, 15 vols. His Doctrine of Fluxions, London, , is in Cat. He appears affible and pleasant, But not lightly so. Hugh Blair, Lectures on Rhetoric, London, , and many later eds. John Simpkins, A. See Introduction, page John Wallis, Opera Mathematica, 3 vols. For alternative readings see Appendix II.
Timothy Sheppard came to Medfield from Sherborn and practised there for a few years before moving to Hopkinton. Richard Mansfield, Yale, , minister of the church at Derby. See note 1, page Thomas Fitch Oliver, A. Clarke is referring to Christ Church in Cambridge. Clarke read frequently in it.
See note 8, page For Abbadie see note 5, page Robert Gray, A. Minister at Dover, N. A naval surgeon during the Revolution, he later held various public offices and in became postmaster in Boston. Yale, ; minister of the First Church in Cambridge. A copy of the 2nd ed. Aiken was a minor English poet and writer of miscellaneous devotional works for children. Her Collected Works were issued in Strahan, Esq. This work has not been identified.
Being His Posthumous Works, 4 vols. Jonathan Swift, London, Edinburgh, ; later Fellow. They have not assumed the name—Unitarian; it has been forced upon them. It is a name, which denotes dissent from human authority, in its attempts to enforce, as fundamental truth, the doctrine of the trinity. Elsie M. Bronson contributed the piece to the D. Edward B. Staples, Annals of the Town of Providence.
The diary entries are for the most part in interleaved almanacs, cover mainly the War years, with some additions, and are not very detailed. The Society also is custodian of records of the First Church, Providence. Mystic Seaport, Inc. Amherst, See Robert W. The place later belonged to Dr. Joshua Fisher, prominent Beverly doctor, then to Rev. Daniel Oliver, minister of Second Church in the s; next to John Fairfield who, though a minister, was not connected with a local church. The author mistakenly says that Hitchcock had no children.
Greenleaf, stage driver, began to bring in December, See also Carlton A. Honeywell, Chaplains of the U. Army Office of Chief of Chaplains, See also Francis B. Cutler, Life, Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Manasseh Cutler 2 vols. The Battle occurred on 19 September, and Hitchcock wrote on the 21st, from three miles above Stillwater. The exchange is printed by Weeden, R. Publications, VII.